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Caer Lêb

Caer Lêb

Caer Lêb is a prehistoric site on the Welsh island of Anglesey, west of Brynsiencyn. Its name means "Leaven Castle". It is a low-lying site near the Afon Braint with a double row of pentangular banks (some parts now levelled) and marshy ditches. The original entrance was on the east, other gaps are modern and caused by animals. Based on the excavation of a similar site elsewhere on Anglesey, it may date from the 2nd century BCE.
Excavations in 1865 found structures within the enclosure, rectangular buildings on the east and a circular one on the south. Nothing of these can now be seen on the ground. Pottery from the 2nd century to the 4th century was found, and on the north side a layer of periwinkle shells and a mediaeval coin, under a layer of peat.
There is a parking area, sufficient for 4-5 cars, by the roadside. A footpath goes southwest from Caer Lêb over stiles, past the site of the former stone circle of Tre’r Dryw Bach, some 800 metres to Castell Bryn Gwyn and on to the Bryn Gwyn stones …

Caer y Twr

Caer y Twr

Caer y Twr (Welsh: Tower Fortress) was a Roman-era hillfort atop the summit of the Holyhead Mountain in Anglesey, Wales.
The hillfort, which is situated among rocky outcrops, is ideally placed for defense and likely served as a watchtower and possibly as a signal tower. Some have speculated that it was built to alert a small fort situated in the town of Holyhead in the case of raiders coming in from the Irish Sea, while others have suggested that it may have been a lighthouse.
The hillfort is now mostly rubble, but its walls can still be made out, including a large stone rampart on the north and east sides which reaches 3 meters at points. The entrance to the fort was through a rocky gully. The footings of a tower were discovered when the site was excavated; its stones are believed to date from the second century to the fourth century.
Nestled below Caer y Twr is a group of several enclosed huts, named Ty Mawr, that also date from the third to the fourth centuries, some of which still contain the accoutrements of life, such as hearths and shelves …

Caerleon Amphitheatre

Caerleon Amphitheatre

 Caerleon is a site of considerable archaeological importance, being the location of a Roman legionary fortress or Castra (it was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about 75 to 300 AD) and an Iron Age hill fort. The name Caerleon is derived from the Welsh for "fortress of the legion"; the Romans themselves called it Isca. Substantial excavated Roman remains can be seen, including the military amphitheatre, thermae (baths) and barracks occupied by the Roman Legion. According to Gildas (followed by Bede), Roman Caerleon was the site of two early Christian martyrdoms, those of Julius and Aaron. Recent finds suggest Roman occupation of some kind as late as AD 380.[2] Roman remains have also been discovered at The Mynde, itself a distinctive historical site …

Caernarfon Castle

Caernarfon Castle

Mighty Caernarfon is possibly the most famous of Wales’s castles. Its sheer scale and commanding presence easily set it apart from the rest, and to this day, still trumpet in no uncertain terms the intention of its builder Edward I …

Caernarfon Town Walls

Caernarfon Town Walls

Complete circuit of walls, including eight towers and two twin-towered gateways, surviving in places to battlement height …

Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle (Welsh: Castell Caerffili) is a medieval castle that dominates the centre of the town of Caerphilly in south Wales. It is the largest castle in Wales and the second largest in Britain after Windsor Castle. Built mainly between 1268 and 1271 to stop Llywelyn ap Gruffudd’s southward ambitions, it is an early example of a concentric castle with extensive water defences.
The castle deteriorated during several centuries of disuse. Its owners since 1766, the Marquesses of Bute undertook extensive restoration. During the 1930s, surrounding streets were levelled to restore the dominant view which had been obscured by town development. In 1950, the castle and grounds were handed over to the British government …

Caerwent Roman Town

Caerwent Roman Town

Caerwent (Welsh: Caer-went) is a village and community in Monmouthshire, Wales. It is located about five miles west of Chepstow and eleven miles east of Newport, and was founded by the Romans as the market town of Venta Silurum, an important settlement of the Brythonic Silures tribe. The modern village is built around the Roman ruins, which are some of the best-preserved in Europe. It remained prominent through the Roman era and Early Middle Ages as the site of a road crossing between several important civic centres. In the 20th century Caerwent was the site of a Royal Navy Propellant Factory, now used as a training facility …

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber

Capel Garmon is a village near Betws-y-Coed in the county borough of Conwy, north Wales. It is situated high above the Conwy valley, in the community of Bro Garmon, and commands views over Snowdonia. The village is known for the neolithic burial chamber nearby.
The parish church at Capel Garmon was originally a chapel of ease to the parish of Llanrwst, serving the areas of Garth Garmon and Tybrith Uchaf. Capel Garmon became a separate parish in 1927. The current chapel, the latest in a series of churches at the site, was consecrated in 1862 but is now closed.
The burial chamber at Capel Garmon dates from the 3rd millennium BC, and belongs to the Severn-Cotswold group. It consists of a passage leading to a rectangular space, with circular chambers branching to the east and west. The structure has undergone much renovation and the current entrance, originally one of the inner chambers, was made in the 19th century, when the tomb was used as a stable.
In addition to sherds of Beaker pottery found in the burial chamber, Capel Garmon was also home to a 1st century BC iron fire dog which can now be seen at the National Museum of Wales in Cardiff …

Capel Lligwy

Capel Lligwy

Simple stone chapel, probably of early twelfth-century origin …

Carew Cross

Carew Cross

Carew (Welsh: Caeriw) is a village, community and parish on an inlet of Milford Haven in the former Hundred of Narberth, Pembrokeshire, West Wales, 7 km east of Pembroke. The eastern part of the parish is included in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park …